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Issue 19, 2013
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M[Y(BH4)4] and M2Li[Y(BH4)6−xClx] (M = Rb, Cs): new borohydride derivatives of yttrium and their hydrogen storage properties

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Abstract

Two novel bimetallic borohydrides, Rb[Y(BH4)4] and Cs[Y(BH4)4], have been synthesised via mechanochemical reactions between MBH4, M = Rb or Cs and Y(BH4)3. Both are ionic compounds comprising complex anions [Y(BH4)4] and alkali metal cations, and they adopt crystal structures which were not observed previously for quasi-ternary borohydrides. LiCl, a by-product from the synthesis of Y(BH4)3, is not an unreactive dead-weight but rather it promotes formation of trimetallic borohydride-chlorides, M2Li[Y(BH4)6−xClx], which crystallise in the elpasolite-type structures. Formation of Cs2Li[Y(BH4)6−xClx] takes place during the mechanochemical synthesis of Cs[Y(BH4)4] at room temperature, while that of Rb2Li[Y(BH4)6−xClx] only after heating of the sample above the melting point. The M[Y(BH4)4]/M2Li[Y(BH4)6−xClx] mixtures slowly release H2 when melted (Tm = 170 °C for M = Rb, 210 °C for M = Cs) but the main stage of thermal decomposition occurs at a Tdec of ∼270 °C, similarly to what is observed for K[Y(BH4)4] and NaBH4/Y(BH4)3 composites. We also demonstrate how the Tdec of M[Y(BH4)4] salts may be tuned by choosing the MBH4 precursor of the appropriate Lewis basicity.

Graphical abstract: M[Y(BH4)4] and M2Li[Y(BH4)6−xClx] (M = Rb, Cs): new borohydride derivatives of yttrium and their hydrogen storage properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Dec 2012, accepted on 19 Feb 2013 and first published on 19 Feb 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT33048F
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2013,42, 6886-6893
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    M[Y(BH4)4] and M2Li[Y(BH4)6−xClx] (M = Rb, Cs): new borohydride derivatives of yttrium and their hydrogen storage properties

    T. Jaroń, W. Wegner and W. Grochala, Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 6886
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT33048F

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