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Issue 36, 2013
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Superior power density solid oxidefuel cells by enlarging the three-phase boundary region of a NiO–Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 composite anode through optimized surface structure

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Abstract

In an effort to boost the power densities of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) operating at intermediate temperatures (600–750 °C), novel powder synthesis methods have been studied with the goal of increasing the three-phase boundary region of the anode. Porous anodes composed of Ni and Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 (GDC) cermet are commonly studied in SOFCs, but the cell performance is limited by their dependency on the three-phase boundaries at which the electrochemical oxidation reaction takes place. This paper presents a remarkable improvement in the electrochemical performance through a significant enlargement of the three-phase boundary region by an optimization of the surface structure. The strategy starts with the premise that the oxide powder particles in aqueous solution carry a positive or negative electrical charge depending upon the pH of the solution, and the charge can be exploited to attach chelated metal ions to their surface, extending the three-phase boundary region. This modified NiO–GDC composite powder resulted in not only an extension of both electronic and O2− ionic conduction pathways, but also a suppression of grain growth in the anode during the process of cell fabrication. As the final outcome, the modified Ni–GDC anode-supported cells show far superior power densities (1.85 W cm−2 at 750 °C and 0.83 W cm−2 at 600 °C) in H2 compared to the conventional Ni–GDC anode-supported cells (0.61 W cm−2 at 750 °C and 0.26 W cm−2 at 600 °C).

Graphical abstract: Superior power density solid oxide fuel cells by enlarging the three-phase boundary region of a NiO–Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 composite anode through optimized surface structure

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Apr 2013, accepted on 04 Jul 2013 and first published on 09 Jul 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP52679H
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 14966-14972

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    Superior power density solid oxide fuel cells by enlarging the three-phase boundary region of a NiO–Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 composite anode through optimized surface structure

    D. Yoon, Q. Su, H. Wang and A. Manthiram, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 14966
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP52679H

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