Metal-enhanced fluorescence based excitation volumetric effect of plasmon-enhanced singlet oxygen and super oxide generation
In this contribution we show that the Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence (MEF) Excitation Volumetric Effect (EVE), has a profound effect on the formation of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), such as singlet oxygen (1O2) and superoxide anion radical (O2−*), when sensitizers are placed in close proximity to plasmon supporting nanoparticulate substrates. In particular, when the singlet oxygen sensitizer rose bengal is placed on a SiFs surface, i.e. on a silver island film, the 1O2 response to power is non-linear, and at 100 mW excitation power (535 nm) it is about 5 times higher, as compared to glass control samples, measured with the commercially available 1O2 probe Sensor Green™. We also report a similar power dependence of superoxide generation for acridine on SiFs surfaces, but using the dihydroethidium O2−* probe (DHE). Our findings are consistent with our previously postulated Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence (MEF) and EVE models.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Developments in Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence