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Issue 26, 2013
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Photoinduced electron tunneling between randomly dispersed donors and acceptors in frozen glasses and other rigid matrices

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Abstract

In fluid solution un-tethered donors and acceptors can diffuse freely, and consequently the donor–acceptor distance is usually not fixed on the timescale of an electron transfer event. When attempting to investigate the influence of driving-force changes or donor–acceptor distance variations on electron transfer rates this can be a problem. In rigid matrices diffusion is suppressed, and it becomes possible to investigate fixed-distance electron transfer. This method represents an attractive alternative to investigate rigid rod-like donor–bridge–acceptor molecules which have to be made in elaborate syntheses. This perspective focuses specifically on the distance dependence of photoinduced electron transfer which occurs via tunneling of charge carriers through rigid matrices over distances between 1 and 33 Å. Some key aspects of the theoretical models commonly used for analyzing kinetic data of electron tunneling through rigid matrices are recapitulated. New findings from this rather mature field of research are emphasized.

Graphical abstract: Photoinduced electron tunneling between randomly dispersed donors and acceptors in frozen glasses and other rigid matrices

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Article information


Submitted
02 Jan 2013
Accepted
02 May 2013
First published
31 May 2013

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 10673-10685
Article type
Perspective

Photoinduced electron tunneling between randomly dispersed donors and acceptors in frozen glasses and other rigid matrices

O. S. Wenger, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 10673
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP00011G

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