Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 45, 2013
Previous Article Next Article

Coordination polymers of alkali metal trithiocyanurates: structure determinations and ionic conductivity measurements using single crystals

Author affiliations

Abstract

Six novel crystalline coordination polymers composed of alkali metal ions and trithiocyanurate anions (C3N3S3H2 = ttcH2) were synthesized. Single crystals were used both for structure determinations by X-ray diffraction and ionic conductivity measurements by AC impedance methods. The structures are: (i) sodium trithiocyanurate trihydrate, Na(ttcH2)(H2O)3 in space group P21; (ii) potassium trithiocyanurate hydrate, K(ttcH2)(H2O) in P[1 with combining macron]; (iii) rubidium trithiocyanurate hydrate, Rb(ttcH2)(H2O) in P[1 with combining macron]; (iv) rubidium trithiocyanurate hydrate, Rb3(ttcH2)2(ttcH3)2(H2O)5(OH) in P[1 with combining macron]; and (v, vi) two anhydrous polymorphs of caesium trithiocyanurates, Cs(ttcH2) in P[1 with combining macron] and Cc. With the exception of the sodium phase, which is layered, all of these compounds consist of three dimensional coordination networks. In all systems, the inorganic regions are interleaved by arrays of ttcH2 anions. The most interesting feature of this system is the thiol-rich environment formed between the trithiocyanurate layers, where alkali metal ions are located. Water molecules, where present, are always coordinated to a cation. Among these crystals, K(ttcH2)(H2O) exhibited proton conductivity under atmospheric conditions (25 ± 0.2 °C): 1.1 × 10−5 S cm−1 in the direction perpendicular to the bc plane and 3.1 × 10−6 S cm−1 along the c axis.

Graphical abstract: Coordination polymers of alkali metal trithiocyanurates: structure determinations and ionic conductivity measurements using single crystals

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 15 Jun 2013, accepted on 16 Jul 2013 and first published on 17 Jul 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41150H
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 9400-9407

  •   Request permissions

    Coordination polymers of alkali metal trithiocyanurates: structure determinations and ionic conductivity measurements using single crystals

    S. Tominaka, S. Henke and A. K. Cheetham, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 9400
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41150H

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements