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Issue 3, 2013
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Effect of sodium chloride on the structure and stability of spider silk's N-terminal protein domain

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Abstract

A spider's ability to store silk protein solutions at high concentration is believed to be related to the protein's terminal domains. It has been suggested that a shift in salt concentration and pH can have a significant influence on the assembly process. Based on experimental data, a model has been proposed in which the N-terminal domain exists as a monomer during storage and assembles into a homodimer upon spinning. Here we perform a systematic computational study using atomistic, coarse-grained and well-tempered metadynamics simulation to understand how the NaCl concentration in the solution affects the N-terminal domain of the silk protein. Our results show that a high salt concentration, as found during storage, weakens key salt bridges between the monomers, inducing a loss in bond energy by 28.6% in a single salt bridge. As a result, dimer formation is less likely as 35.5% less energy is required to unfold the dimer by mechanical force. Conversely, homodimer formation appears to be more likely at low salt concentrations as the salt bridge stays at the lower energy state. The link between salt concentration, structure and stability of the N-terminal domain provides a possible molecular mechanism that prevents premature fiber formation during storage.

Graphical abstract: Effect of sodium chloride on the structure and stability of spider silk's N-terminal protein domain

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Sep 2012, accepted on 20 Nov 2012 and first published on 04 Jan 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2BM00140C
Citation: Biomater. Sci., 2013,1, 276-284
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    Effect of sodium chloride on the structure and stability of spider silk's N-terminal protein domain

    G. Gronau, Z. Qin and M. J. Buehler, Biomater. Sci., 2013, 1, 276
    DOI: 10.1039/C2BM00140C

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