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Issue 3, 2013
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A once-a-day dosage form for the delivery of insulin through the nasal route: in vitro assessment and in vivo evaluation

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Abstract

An in situ thermogelling, mucoadhesive formulation based on N-trimethyl chitosan chloride has been evaluated for its potential to affect the transmucosal delivery of insulin via the nasal route. In vitro studies at a physiologically relevant temperature (ca. 35 °C) have shown that the formulation releases most of its insulin load (ca. 70%) in a non-Fickian manner during the timescale over which the sol-to-gel transition (ca. 8 min) takes place, and also that, once gelation is complete, the release of the remainder of the therapeutic content follows first order kinetics over at least sixty minutes. Investigations on the effects of the application of the same formulation to a modelled nasal mucosa (Calu-3 cell monolayer) have indicated the capability of the formulation to induce the transient opening of tight junctions. Cytotoxic investigations have shown that the formulation exhibits negligible detrimental effects to the integrity of these monolayers. The in vivo potential of the nasal formulation to act as a once-a-day dosage form for the intranasal delivery of insulin has been demonstrated in a diabetic-rat model.

Graphical abstract: A once-a-day dosage form for the delivery of insulin through the nasal route: in vitro assessment and in vivo evaluation

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Sep 2012, accepted on 12 Oct 2012 and first published on 08 Nov 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2BM00132B
Biomater. Sci., 2013,1, 306-314

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    A once-a-day dosage form for the delivery of insulin through the nasal route: in vitro assessment and in vivo evaluation

    H. Nazar, P. Caliceti, B. Carpenter, A. I. El-Mallah, D. G. Fatouros, M. Roldo, S. M. van der Merwe and J. Tsibouklis, Biomater. Sci., 2013, 1, 306
    DOI: 10.1039/C2BM00132B

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