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Issue 8, 2013
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Liquid dispersions under gravity: volume fraction profile and osmotic pressure

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Abstract

Many physical properties of concentrated dispersions of immiscible fluids are captured by the concept of an osmotic pressure, which measures how much energy is required to deform the bubbles or drops upon compaction. This pressure has a strong impact on the flow and drainage behavior of dispersions. Nevertheless, theoretical models describing its variation with the volume fraction ϕ of the continuous phase are so far available only in the limits of low or high ϕ and experimental data are scarce. We report an experimental study of osmotic pressure in foams and emulsions, showing how the effects of ϕ, disorder, grain size, polydispersity and interfacial tension can all be captured by a single law which satisfies previously established theoretical constraints. Building on this result, we propose the first equation which accurately describes the variation of the volume fraction with the height of a fluid dispersion under gravity.

Graphical abstract: Liquid dispersions under gravity: volume fraction profile and osmotic pressure

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Article information


Submitted
19 Nov 2012
Accepted
20 Dec 2012
First published
21 Jan 2013

Soft Matter, 2013,9, 2531-2540
Article type
Paper

Liquid dispersions under gravity: volume fraction profile and osmotic pressure

A. Maestro, W. Drenckhan, E. Rio and R. Höhler, Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 2531
DOI: 10.1039/C2SM27668B

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