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Issue 41, 2013
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Sol–gel synthesis of defect-pyrochlore structured CsTaWO6 and the tribochemical influences on photocatalytic activity

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Abstract

The semiconductor mixed oxide photocatalyst CsTaWO6 was prepared via an aqueous sol–gel citrate route for the first time. The mild reaction conditions yield smaller primary particle sizes and larger specific surface areas than the conventional solid state reaction. The photocatalytic properties are determined using both photocatalytic terephthalic acid hydroxylation and photocatalytic hydrogen generation. All of the materials described herein generate hydrogen without the addition of a co-catalyst. Due to the initially agglomerated but porous morphology of the sol–gel-derived CsTaWO6, tribochemical treatment via short term ball milling has a strong effect on the photocatalytic activities of these materials. Ball milling increases the surface area of the materials, leading to strongly improved activity for the generation of ˙OH radicals, but also generates surface defects in the materials. The defective sites act as electron traps, which depress the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity. However, by combining ball milling and photodeposition of Rh, highly improved hydrogen generation rates for CsTaWO6 are achieved. The sol–gel citrate route finally leads to more active materials than the solid state reaction.

Graphical abstract: Sol–gel synthesis of defect-pyrochlore structured CsTaWO6 and the tribochemical influences on photocatalytic activity

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Jul 2013, accepted on 05 Aug 2013 and first published on 07 Aug 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA42768D
RSC Adv., 2013,3, 18908-18915

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    Sol–gel synthesis of defect-pyrochlore structured CsTaWO6 and the tribochemical influences on photocatalytic activity

    L. Schwertmann, M. Wark and R. Marschall, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 18908
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA42768D

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