One-pot green synthesis of nitrogen-doped carbon nanoparticles as fluorescent probes for mercury ions†
Herein, a simple, green, and low-cost way was developed in the synthesis of fluorescent nitrogen-doped carbon nanoparticles (FNCPs) with nitrogen content of 6.88%, using one-pot hydrothermal treatment of strawberry juice. The as-prepared FNCPs exhibited a maximum emission at 427 nm with a quantum yield of 6.3%, which could be specifically quenched by Hg2+. This phenomenon was used to develop a fluorescent method for facile detection of Hg2+ with a linear range from 10 nM to 50 μM and a detection limit of 3 nM (S/N = 3), and further extended to measure environmental water samples with satisfactory recovery. This study provides a green strategy in the synthesis of FNCPs to detect Hg2+ with good performance.