Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 19, 2013
Previous Article Next Article

3-Dimensionally self-assembled single crystalline platinum nanostructures on few-layer graphene as an efficient oxygen reduction electrocatalyst

Author affiliations

Abstract

Here, we report for the first time the synthesis of a 3-D self-assembled single crystalline platinum nanostructure directly on the graphene surface (PtNAGE) without using any harmful structural directing agents. A slow reduction method is used to prepare the desired platinum morphology. Initial formation of platinum nanoparticles and their homogenous dispersion on the surface of graphene have been observed 10 h after the commencement of the reduction using formic acid as the reducing agent. From these initially deposited seed particles, the growth starts on the {111} facets along the <111> direction and the nanostructure formation is completed within 72 h of the commencement of the reaction. The individual assembly has a diameter of ∼80 nm. PtNAGE shows superior electrocatalytic activity towards oxygen reduction compared to graphene supported platinum (PtGE) and commercial carbon supported platinum (PtC) catalysts. PtNAGE is less vulnerable to strong hydroxyl adsorption compared to PtC and PtGE. Specific activity and mass activity of the catalyst are high compared to PtC by a factor of 6.50 and 1.80, respectively, and 4.00 and 3.05, respectively, compared to PtGE. The limiting current density of PtNAGE is 1.28 and 1.20 times higher than PtGE and PtC, respectively. Kinetic analysis of PtNAGE shows that the oxygen reduction reaction follows first order kinetics involving a four electron transfer mechanism with the direct formation of water. In addition to this, it has been observed that PtNAGE also prevents surface area degradation better than the commercial platinised carbon under potential induced conditions.

Graphical abstract: 3-Dimensionally self-assembled single crystalline platinum nanostructures on few-layer graphene as an efficient oxygen reduction electrocatalyst

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 30 Nov 2012, accepted on 17 Feb 2013 and first published on 19 Feb 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA23112G
RSC Adv., 2013,3, 6913-6921

  •   Request permissions

    3-Dimensionally self-assembled single crystalline platinum nanostructures on few-layer graphene as an efficient oxygen reduction electrocatalyst

    S. M. Unni, V. K. Pillai and S. Kurungot, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 6913
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA23112G

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements