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Issue 18, 2013
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Mechanocatalysis: forcing latent catalysts into action

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Abstract

This review summarizes the most important advances made in studying mechanochemical activation of latent catalysts (“mechanocatalysis”) over the past few years. First, a historic overview of the development of polymer mechanochemistry is given, followed by a detailed discussion on the physical aspects involved in the response of these polymer mechanocatalysts to external forces (i.e., unfolding and stretching of the polymer chains, followed by chain scission) and on the stability and activity of the resulting active (mechano)catalyst species. The results that were obtained are summarized and put in context. It is shown how the more detailed insights that were obtained from the mechanisms and processes underlying mechanochemical catalyst activation contribute to the rational design and implementation of alternative activation methods and new (mechano)catalyzed systems, with special emphasis on their potential use in truly autonomous self-healing materials.

Graphical abstract: Mechanocatalysis: forcing latent catalysts into action

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Article information


Submitted
17 Jan 2013
Accepted
07 Feb 2013
First published
07 Mar 2013

Polym. Chem., 2013,4, 4846-4859
Article type
Review Article

Mechanocatalysis: forcing latent catalysts into action

R. Groote, R. T. M. Jakobs and R. P. Sijbesma, Polym. Chem., 2013, 4, 4846
DOI: 10.1039/C3PY00071K

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