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Issue 19, 2013
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Highly robust silicon nanowire/graphene core–shell electrodes without polymeric binders

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Abstract

A large theoretical charge storage capacity along with a low discharge working potential renders silicon a promising anode material for high energy density lithium ion batteries. However, up to 400% volume expansion during charge–discharge cycling coupled with a low intrinsic electronic conductivity causes pulverization and fracture, thus inhibiting silicon's widespread use in practical applications. We report herein on a low cost approach to fabricate hybrid silicon nanowire (SiNW)/graphene nanostructures that exhibit enhanced cycle performance with the capability of retaining more than 90% of their initial capacity after 50 cycles. We also demonstrate the use of hot-pressing in the absence of any common polymer binder such as PVDF to bind the hybrid structure to the current collector. The applied heat and pressure ensure strong adhesion between the SiNW/graphene nano-composite and current collector. This facile yet strong binding method is expected to find use in the further development of polymer-binder free anodes for lithium ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Highly robust silicon nanowire/graphene core–shell electrodes without polymeric binders

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
18 Feb 2013
Accepted
12 May 2013
First published
15 May 2013

Nanoscale, 2013,5, 8986-8991
Article type
Paper

Highly robust silicon nanowire/graphene core–shell electrodes without polymeric binders

S. E. Lee, H. Kim, H. Kim, J. H. Park and D. Choi, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 8986 DOI: 10.1039/C3NR00852E

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