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Issue 11, 2013
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The oxidation states and chemical environments of iron and zinc as potential indicators of brain tumour malignancy grade – preliminary results

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Abstract

Despite the enormous advances in medicine, brain tumours are still among the lesser-known types of tumours and carry the worst prognoses. Transition metals are believed to play an essential role in carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine differences in the average oxidation state and trends in the changes in the chemical environment of iron and zinc contained in healthy and neoplastic tissues of the human brain. For this purpose, X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy was used, which enables the study of disordered matter. The samples were taken intraoperatively and then immediately frozen to slow down chemical processes. Sixteen tumour samples with various malignancy grades were studied as well as one control sample. For each sample four to eight spectra were recorded, with a shift between them not greater than 0.2 eV. In all of the samples, iron occurred in compounds with both Fe2+ and Fe3+. However, the ratio of Fe(II) to Fe(III) content in the tissue visibly increased with the tumour malignancy grade. The change in the oxidation state of iron did not correlate with the hypoxia level of the tissues. Analysis of EXAFS spectra of zinc atoms showed that the chemical environment of zinc atoms differed with the tumour malignancy grade. Additionally, cryogenic conditions were found to produce positive results in studies of biological samples, whose form under such conditions is close to their native state, without preparation-caused artefacts.

Graphical abstract: The oxidation states and chemical environments of iron and zinc as potential indicators of brain tumour malignancy grade – preliminary results

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Article information


Submitted
24 May 2013
Accepted
22 Jul 2013
First published
23 Jul 2013

Metallomics, 2013,5, 1547-1553
Article type
Paper

The oxidation states and chemical environments of iron and zinc as potential indicators of brain tumour malignancy grade – preliminary results

A. Wandzilak, M. Czyzycki, P. Wrobel, M. Szczerbowska-Boruchowska, E. Radwanska, D. Adamek and M. Lankosz, Metallomics, 2013, 5, 1547
DOI: 10.1039/C3MT00158J

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