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Issue 18, 2013
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Surface acoustic wave microfluidics

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The recent introduction of surface acoustic wave (SAW) technology onto lab-on-a-chip platforms has opened a new frontier in microfluidics. The advantages provided by such SAW microfluidics are numerous: simple fabrication, high biocompatibility, fast fluid actuation, versatility, compact and inexpensive devices and accessories, contact-free particle manipulation, and compatibility with other microfluidic components. We believe that these advantages enable SAW microfluidics to play a significant role in a variety of applications in biology, chemistry, engineering and medicine. In this review article, we discuss the theory underpinning SAWs and their interactions with particles and the contacting fluids in which they are suspended. We then review the SAW-enabled microfluidic devices demonstrated to date, starting with devices that accomplish fluid mixing and transport through the use of travelling SAW; we follow that by reviewing the more recent innovations achieved with standing SAW that enable such actions as particle/cell focusing, sorting and patterning. Finally, we look forward and appraise where the discipline of SAW microfluidics could go next.

Graphical abstract: Surface acoustic wave microfluidics

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Mar 2013, accepted on 05 Jun 2013 and first published on 31 Jul 2013

Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C3LC50361E
Lab Chip, 2013,13, 3626-3649

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    Surface acoustic wave microfluidics

    X. Ding, P. Li, S. S. Lin, Z. S. Stratton, N. Nama, F. Guo, D. Slotcavage, X. Mao, J. Shi, F. Costanzo and T. J. Huang, Lab Chip, 2013, 13, 3626
    DOI: 10.1039/C3LC50361E

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