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Issue 5, 2013
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Simultaneous determination of Co, Fe, Ni and Pb in carbon nanotubes by means of solid sampling high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry

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Abstract

This work explores the possibilities of solid sampling high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for the direct analysis of carbon nanotubes. In particular, the simultaneous determination of Co, Fe, Ni and Pb is intended, as these elements are typically found in these samples as impurities. The results demonstrate that it is possible to find spectral (monitoring of the region between 283.168 and 283.481 nm), furnace (2500 °C for atomization; use of 100 ng Pd as a chemical modifier) and detector (use of side pixels to expand the linear range) conditions that permit the development of a fast and straightforward method for the simultaneous determination of the target elements at the levels at which they are typically found (mg g−1 for Co, Fe and Ni; μg g−1 for Pb) in carbon nanotubes. Limits of detection of 23 pg (Pb), 6 ng (Fe), 65 ng (Ni) and 86 ng (Co) were obtained, which are suitable for this type of sample. In this way, it was feasible to carry out the analysis of the samples investigated (one candidate reference material and three commercially available samples) and achieve accurate results when constructing the calibration curve with aqueous standards. Precision values for 5 solid sample replicates varied between 7 and 15% RSD in most cases. Overall, the proposed method shows important benefits for the cost-effective analysis of such complex samples in routine labs.

Graphical abstract: Simultaneous determination of Co, Fe, Ni and Pb in carbon nanotubes by means of solid sampling high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry

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Article information


Submitted
20 Dec 2012
Accepted
06 Feb 2013
First published
06 Feb 2013

J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2013,28, 657-665
Article type
Paper

Simultaneous determination of Co, Fe, Ni and Pb in carbon nanotubes by means of solid sampling high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry

M. Resano, E. Bolea-Fernández, E. Mozas, M. R. Flórez, P. Grinberg and R. E. Sturgeon, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2013, 28, 657
DOI: 10.1039/C3JA30377B

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