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Issue 10, 2013
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Productive sugar isomerization with highly active Sn in dealuminated β zeolites

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Abstract

A water-tolerant Lewis acid catalyst was synthesized by grafting SnIV in isopropanol under reflux onto dealuminated zeolites with the BEA (β) topology. This synthesis method allows the production of highly active Snβ-type catalysts without the need for long hydrothermal syntheses or hydrogen fluoride, while using cheap Sn-precursors, industrially available β zeolites and standard catalyst synthesis unit operations. Extensive characterization of the best catalyst shows highly dispersed Sn in the zeolite matrix (XRD, 29Si MAS NMR and 1H MAS NMR) without the formation of SnO2 (XRD and UV-Vis). The catalyst was tested for the model isomerization of sugars such as glucose to fructose. The catalytic activity proved to be purely heterogeneous and the catalyst was recycled and reused without significant loss in activity. Isomerization productivities above 4 kg product per kg of catalyst per hour are reported with appreciably low Sn loadings, corresponding to exceptionally high turnover frequencies, viz. 500 cycles per Sn per hour at 110 °C, which surpass the activity per Sn of the original hydrothermally synthesized Snβ.

Graphical abstract: Productive sugar isomerization with highly active Sn in dealuminated β zeolites

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jun 2013, accepted on 02 Aug 2013 and first published on 02 Aug 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3GC41239C
Green Chem., 2013,15, 2777-2785

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    Productive sugar isomerization with highly active Sn in dealuminated β zeolites

    J. Dijkmans, D. Gabriëls, M. Dusselier, F. de Clippel, P. Vanelderen, K. Houthoofd, A. Malfliet, Y. Pontikes and B. F. Sels, Green Chem., 2013, 15, 2777
    DOI: 10.1039/C3GC41239C

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