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Issue 21, 2013
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Nanochemistry and nanomaterials for photovoltaics

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Abstract

Nanochemistry and nanomaterials provide numerous opportunities for a new generation of photovoltaics with high solar energy conversion efficiencies at low fabrication cost. Quantum-confined nanomaterials and polymer–inorganic nanocomposites can be tailored to harvest sun light over a broad range of the spectrum, while plasmonic structures offer effective ways to reduce the thickness of light-absorbing layers. Multiple exciton generation, singlet exciton fission, photon down-conversion, and photon up-conversion realized in nanostructures, create significant interest for harvesting underutilized ultraviolet and currently unutilized infrared photons. Nanochemical interface engineering of nanoparticle surfaces and junction-interfaces enable enhanced charge separation and collection. In this review, we survey these recent advances employed to introduce new concepts for improving the solar energy conversion efficiency, and reduce the device fabrication cost in photovoltaic technologies. The review concludes with a summary of contributions already made by nanochemistry. It then describes the challenges and opportunities in photovoltaics where the chemical community can play a vital role.

Graphical abstract: Nanochemistry and nanomaterials for photovoltaics

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Feb 2013 and first published on 18 Jul 2013


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60054H
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013,42, 8304-8338

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    Nanochemistry and nanomaterials for photovoltaics

    G. Chen, J. Seo, C. Yang and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 8304
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60054H

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