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Issue 12, 2013
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Group 7 transition metal complexes with N-heterocyclic carbenes

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This tutorial review summarizes all works and highlights recent advances published in the growing field of group 7 N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) complexes. It provides a valuable source for all scientists that are interested in conducting research with new compounds bearing these metals. The article provides an overview of all manganese NHC complexes that are known to date. There are a lot of examples where manganese NHC complexes show unpredicted behaviour during synthesis, very different from other transition metal NHC complexes and their higher homologues rhenium and technetium. These differences are depicted and discussed. Furthermore, the chemistry of technetium NHC compounds and their chemical behaviour are discussed. To date published work on technetium NHC chemistry has been restricted to the oxidation state +V. It was found that such compounds are very reactive but show great stability in dry air. Their radioactivity makes such compounds interesting candidates for radiochemical applications. Since most group 7 NHC chemistry was conducted on rhenium NHC complexes, this tutorial review highlights the chemical behaviour of such compounds. Rhenium(I) complexes reveal luminescent properties, making them interesting candidates for applications ranging from biological markers to organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Another interesting feature is the radioactivity of some compounds, which makes them excellent candidates for radiopharmaceutical research; hence their synthesis and reactivity are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Group 7 transition metal complexes with N-heterocyclic carbenes

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Article information

21 Jan 2013
First published
11 Mar 2013

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013,42, 5073-5089
Article type
Tutorial Review

Group 7 transition metal complexes with N-heterocyclic carbenes

S. J. Hock, L. Schaper, W. A. Herrmann and F. E. Kühn, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 5073
DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60019J

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