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Issue 11, 2013
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Sweet carbon nanostructures: carbohydrate conjugates with carbon nanotubes and graphene and their applications

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Abstract

Because of their unique physicochemical properties, carbon nanotubes and graphene can find promising applications in many fields of biomedical research. However, the pristine nanomaterials suffer from low solubility in aqueous systems which results in their limited biocompatibility. Through the introduction of carbohydrates, the surface properties of these graphitic carbon nanostructures can be modified not just to improve their water solubility but also to enable these versatile nanostructures to interact selectively with biological systems. This review will highlight the synthetic strategies that have been reported for the covalent and noncovalent functionalization of carbon nanostructures with carbohydrates, as well as their applications in biosensing and biomedicine.

Graphical abstract: Sweet carbon nanostructures: carbohydrate conjugates with carbon nanotubes and graphene and their applications

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Article information


Submitted
26 Sep 2012
First published
17 Dec 2012

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013,42, 4532-4542
Article type
Tutorial Review

Sweet carbon nanostructures: carbohydrate conjugates with carbon nanotubes and graphene and their applications

Y. Chen, A. Star and S. Vidal, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 4532
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35396B

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