Porous materials in catalysis: challenges for mesoporous materials†
The discovery of ordered mesoporous materials has opened great opportunities for new applications in heterogeneous catalysis, thanks to their hitherto unprecedented intrinsic structural features. Evidence shows that, however, these materials have not met the researchers' expectations mainly because of the severe limitations related to the strength of acid sites and to the thermal/hydrothermal stability, significantly lower than those of zeolites and due to the amorphous nature of the mesostructured materials. These features are highlighted in the first part of this review, where the peculiarities of mesostructured materials are compared with those of zeolite catalysts in some reactions of industrial interest. New synthesis strategies, especially designed for preparing materials with improved physico-chemical and textural properties, together with the catalytic features of the resulting materials, are described and discussed in the second part of the review.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Mesoporous materials