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Issue 6, 2013
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Constrained density functional theory applied to electron tunnelling between defects in MgO

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Abstract

We employ a periodic plane-wave implementation of constrained density functional theory to describe electron tunnelling between oxygen vacancy defects in MgO. We find that calculated electron transfer parameters, and therefore electron tunnelling rates, depend sensitively on the fraction of Hartree–Fock exchange (HFX) used to approximate the exchange–correlation functional. In particular, we show that the exponential decay constant for electronic coupling (β) is proportional to the square-root of the band gap of MgO. Therefore, it is essential to use an exchange–correlation functional which predicts the correct band gap for accurate prediction of electron tunnelling rates. We also present a scheme for the correction of finite size effects for electronic coupling due to the interaction with periodic images, and discuss the sensitivity of the results with respect to the charge constraint used. The computationally demanding calculations presented in this work have only become feasible owing to recent advances in both computer hardware and code parallelisation and demonstrate that the first principles modelling of long-range electron transfer in wide-gap oxides is now possible.

Graphical abstract: Constrained density functional theory applied to electron tunnelling between defects in MgO

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Article information


Submitted
24 Jul 2012
Accepted
14 Sep 2012
First published
04 Jan 2013

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 2184-2196
Article type
Paper

Constrained density functional theory applied to electron tunnelling between defects in MgO

J. Blumberger and K. P. McKenna, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 2184
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP42537H

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