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Issue 21, 2013
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Exploring the electrochemical performance of graphitic paste electrodes: graphenevs. graphite

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We report the fabrication, characterisation (SEM, TEM, XPS and Raman spectroscopy) and electrochemical implementation of a graphene paste electrode. The paste electrodes utilised are constructed by simply mixing graphene with mineral oil (which acts as a binder) prior to loading the resultant paste into a piston-driven polymeric-tubing electrode-shell, where this electrode configuration allows for rapid renewal of the electrode surface. The fabricated paste electrode is electrochemically characterised using both inner-sphere and outer-sphere redox probes, namely potassium ferrocyanide(II), hexaammine-ruthenium(III) chloride and hexachloroiridate(III), in addition to the biologically relevant and electroactive analytes, L-ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). Comparisons are made with a graphite paste alternative and the benefits of graphene implementation as a paste electrode within electrochemistry are explored, as well as the characterisation of their electroanalytical performances. We reveal no observable differences in the electrochemical performance and thus suggest that there are no advantages of using graphene over graphite in the fabrication of paste electrodes. Such work is highly important and informative for those working in the field of electroanalysis where electrochemistry can provide portable, rapid, reliable and accurate sensing protocols (bringing the laboratory into the field), with particular relevance to those searching for new electrode materials.

Graphical abstract: Exploring the electrochemical performance of graphitic paste electrodes: graphene vs. graphite

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Article information

11 May 2013
15 Aug 2013
First published
06 Sep 2013

Analyst, 2013,138, 6354-6364
Article type

Exploring the electrochemical performance of graphitic paste electrodes: graphene vs. graphite

L. C. S. Figueiredo-Filho, D. A. C. Brownson, M. Gómez-Mingot, J. Iniesta, O. Fatibello-Filho and C. E. Banks, Analyst, 2013, 138, 6354
DOI: 10.1039/C3AN00950E

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