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Issue 8, 2012
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Electronic and molecular structures and bulk second–order nonlinear optical properties of ferrocenyl ynones

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Abstract

Ferrocenyl ynones FcCOC[triple bond, length as m-dash]CR (R = H, TMS, Ph) exhibit moderate second harmonic generation efficiencies in the solid state, whereas the methyl analog proved inactive. Their molecular structures and crystal packings were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction, confirming that the inactive compound crystallizes in a centrosymmetric space group. The electronic structures of these compounds were studied experimentally (cyclic voltammetry, electronic absorption spectra) and theoretically (DFT and TD-DFT calculations). It appeared that the COC[triple bond, length as m-dash]CR groups are stronger electron acceptors than the propionyl (COCH2CH3) group. Furthermore, these groups better stabilize metal-centred HOMO-2 to HOMO orbitals and lateral chain-centred LUMO orbitals and decrease HOMO-LUMO gaps. The TDDFT calculation of electronic transitions revealed that lower energy (LE) and higher energy (HE) bands observed in the electronic absorption spectra of compounds under study have more pronounced metal-to-ligand charge transfer character for ferrocenyl ynones than for propionylferrocene. The calculated static quadratic hyperpolarizabililities of ferrocenyl ynones are in the range ∼3 − 6 × 10−30 esu.

Graphical abstract: Electronic and molecular structures and bulk second–order nonlinear optical properties of ferrocenyl ynones

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Article information


Submitted
05 Jan 2012
Accepted
10 Jan 2012
First published
02 Mar 2012

RSC Adv., 2012,2, 3512-3524
Article type
Paper

Electronic and molecular structures and bulk second–order nonlinear optical properties of ferrocenyl ynones

D. Plażuk, J. Zakrzewski, K. Nakatani, A. Makal, K. Woźniak and S. Domagała, RSC Adv., 2012, 2, 3512
DOI: 10.1039/C2RA00037G

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