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Issue 9, 2012
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Combined study of anion recognition by a carbazole-based neutral tripodal receptor in a competitive environment

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Abstract

Anion recognition studies have been carried out on a series of neutral synthetic receptors in which carbazole-2-carboxamide has been used as building block. Different ligands which include one to three carbazole units in their structure have been prepared. Binding experiments have been performed under competitive conditions in DMSO and DMSO–water solutions. The tripodal receptor offered a better host–guest association due to the synergistic effect of a well arranged set of hydrogen bonds. A selective response towards the biologically important pyrophosphate anion has been achieved. This selectivity is enhanced when studies are carried out with an increasing water content, which gets as high as 20% (v/v) in NMR experiments. The significance of this result lies in the use of a neutral receptor which exclusively interacts with the anionic guest through hydrogen bonding. The influence of multiple equilibria in the studied system has been analysed. Several techniques (1H NMR, 31P NMR, mass spectrometry, diffusion-NMR, ITC, absorption and emission spectroscopy) have been employed to get a better understanding of the different processes taking place in solution for the evaluated receptors.

Graphical abstract: Combined study of anion recognition by a carbazole-based neutral tripodal receptor in a competitive environment

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Nov 2011, accepted on 23 Dec 2011 and first published on 23 Jan 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2OB06868K
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012,10, 1896-1904

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    Combined study of anion recognition by a carbazole-based neutral tripodal receptor in a competitive environment

    D. Curiel, G. Sánchez, C. Ramírez de Arellano, A. Tárraga and P. Molina, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012, 10, 1896
    DOI: 10.1039/C2OB06868K

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