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Issue 2, 2012
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Thermal stabilization of thin gold nanowires by surfactant-coating: a molecular dynamics study

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Abstract

The thermal stabilization of thin gold nanowires with a diameter of about 2 nm by surfactants is investigated by means of classical molecular dynamics simulations. While the well-known melting point depression leads to a much lower melting of gold nanowires compared to bulk gold, coating the nanowires with surfactants can reverse this, given that the attractive interaction between surfactant molecules and gold atoms lies beyond a certain threshold. It is found that the melting process of coated nanowires is dominated by surface instability patterns, whereas the melting behaviour of gold nanowires in a vacuum is dominated by the greater mobility of atoms with lower coordination numbers that are located at edges and corners. The suppression of the melting by surfactants is explained by the isotropic pressure acting on the gold surface (due to the attractive interaction) which successfully suppresses large-amplitude thermal motions of the gold atoms.

Graphical abstract: Thermal stabilization of thin gold nanowires by surfactant-coating: a molecular dynamics study

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Sep 2011, accepted on 30 Oct 2011 and first published on 06 Dec 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1NR11282A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2012,4, 585-590
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    Thermal stabilization of thin gold nanowires by surfactant-coating: a molecular dynamics study

    S. E. Huber, C. Warakulwit, J. Limtrakul, T. Tsukuda and M. Probst, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 585
    DOI: 10.1039/C1NR11282A

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