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Issue 20, 2012
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Highly sensitive and quantitative detection of rare pathogens through agarose droplet microfluidic emulsion PCR at the single-cell level

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Abstract

Genetic alternations can serve as highly specific biomarkers to distinguish fatal bacteria or cancer cells from their normal counterparts. However, these mutations normally exist in very rare amount in the presence of a large excess of non-mutated analogs. Taking the notorious pathogen E. coli O157:H7 as the target analyte, we have developed an agarose droplet-based microfluidic ePCR method for highly sensitive, specific and quantitative detection of rare pathogens in the high background of normal bacteria. Massively parallel singleplex and multiplex PCR at the single-cell level in agarose droplets have been successfully established. Moreover, we challenged the system with rare pathogen detection and realized the sensitive and quantitative analysis of a single E. coli O157:H7 cell in the high background of 100 000 excess normal K12 cells. For the first time, we demonstrated rare pathogen detection through agarose droplet microfluidic ePCR. Such a multiplex single-cell agarose droplet amplification method enables ultra-high throughput and multi-parameter genetic analysis of large population of cells at the single-cell level to uncover the stochastic variations in biological systems.

Graphical abstract: Highly sensitive and quantitative detection of rare pathogens through agarose droplet microfluidic emulsion PCR at the single-cell level

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Article information


Submitted
30 Apr 2012
Accepted
15 Jun 2012
First published
18 Jun 2012

Lab Chip, 2012,12, 3907-3913
Article type
Paper

Highly sensitive and quantitative detection of rare pathogens through agarose droplet microfluidic emulsion PCR at the single-cell level

Z. Zhu, W. Zhang, X. Leng, M. Zhang, Z. Guan, J. Lu and C. J. Yang, Lab Chip, 2012, 12, 3907 DOI: 10.1039/C2LC40461C

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