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Issue 39, 2012
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Morphology controlled synthesis and modification of high-performance LiMnPO4 cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

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Abstract

Morphology-controlled monodispersed LiMnPO4 nanocrystals as high-performance cathode materials for Li-ion batteries have been successfully synthesized by a solvothermal method in a mixed solvent of water and polyethylene glycol (PEG). Morphology evolution of LiMnPO4 nanoparticles from a nanorod to a thick nanoplate (∼50 nm in thickness) and to a smaller thin nanoplate (20–30 nm in thickness) is observed by increasing the pH value of the reaction suspension. Electrochemical measurements confirm that the LiMnPO4 thin nanoplates display the best charge–discharge performance, thick nanoplates the intermediate, nanorods the worst, which can be mainly ascribed to the difference in their morphologies and particle sizes in three dimensions. Further modification of LiMnPO4 thin nanoplates with graphene gives rise to an improved electrochemical performance compared with conventional pyrolytic carbon coated ones. The LiMnPO4 thin nanoplate/graphene composites deliver a high capacity of 149 mA h g−1 at 0.1 C, 90 mA h g−1 at 1 C, and even 64 mA h g−1 at 5 C charge–discharge rate, with an excellent cycling stability.

Graphical abstract: Morphology controlled synthesis and modification of high-performance LiMnPO4 cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

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Article information


Submitted
10 Feb 2012
Accepted
13 Aug 2012
First published
20 Aug 2012

J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 21144-21153
Article type
Paper

Morphology controlled synthesis and modification of high-performance LiMnPO4 cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

Z. Qin, X. Zhou, Y. Xia, C. Tang and Z. Liu, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 21144
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM30821E

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