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Issue 19, 2012
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Synthesis of graphene-multiwalled carbon nanotubes hybrid nanostructure by strengthened electrostatic interaction and its lithium ion battery application

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Abstract

We report a novel way of synthesizing graphene-carbon nanotube hybrid nanostructure as an anode for lithium (Li) ion batteries. For this, graphene was prepared by the solar exfoliation of graphite oxide, while multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were prepared by the chemical vapor deposition method. The graphene–MWNT hybrid nanostructure was synthesized by first modifying graphene surface using a cationic polyelectrolyte and MWNT surface with acid functionalization. The hybrid structure was obtained by homogeneous mixing of chemically modified graphene and MWNT constituents. This hybrid nanostructure exhibits higher specific capacity and cyclic stability. The strengthened electrostatic interaction between the positively charged surface of graphene sheets and the negatively charged surface of MWNTs prevents the restacking of graphene sheets that provides a highly accessible area and short diffusion path length for Li-ions. The higher electrical conductivity of MWNTs promotes an easier movement of the electrons within the electrode. The present synthesis scheme recommends a new pathway for large-scale production of novel hybrid carbon nanomaterials for energy storage applications and underlines the importance of preparation routes followed for synthesizing nanomaterials.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of graphene-multiwalled carbon nanotubes hybrid nanostructure by strengthened electrostatic interaction and its lithium ion battery application

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Article information


Submitted
01 Dec 2011
Accepted
19 Mar 2012
First published
13 Apr 2012

J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 9949-9956
Article type
Paper

Synthesis of graphene-multiwalled carbon nanotubes hybrid nanostructure by strengthened electrostatic interaction and its lithium ion battery application

B. P. Vinayan, R. Nagar, V. Raman, N. Rajalakshmi, K. S. Dhathathreyan and S. Ramaprabhu, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 9949
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM16294F

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