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Issue 13, 2012
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Preparation of graphene by pressurized oxidation and multiplex reduction and its polymer nanocomposites by masterbatch-based melt blending

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Abstract

Graphene is prepared from graphite by pressurized oxidation and multiplex reduction. The pressurized oxidation is advantageous in easy operation and size-control, and the multiplex reduction, based on ammonia and hydrazine, produces single-atom-thick graphene (0.4–0.6 nm thick) which can be directly observed by atomic force microscopy. A masterbatch strategy, which is feasible in “soluble” thermoplastic polymers, is developed to disperse graphene into poly(lactic acid) by melt blending. The graphene is well dispersed and the obtained nanocomposites present markedly improved crystallinity, rate of crystallization, mechanical properties, electrical conductivity and fire resistance. The properties are dependent on the dispersion and loading content of graphene, showing percolation threshold at 0.08 wt%. Graphene reinforces the nanocomposites but cuts down the interactions among the polymer matrix, which leads to reduced mechanical properties. Competition of the reinforcing and the reducing causes inflexions around the percolation threshold. The roles of the heat barrier and mass barrier effects of graphene in the thermal degradation and combustion properties of the nanocomposites are discussed and clarified.

Graphical abstract: Preparation of graphene by pressurized oxidation and multiplex reduction and its polymer nanocomposites by masterbatch-based melt blending

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Article information


Submitted
28 Nov 2011
Accepted
16 Jan 2012
First published
15 Feb 2012

J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 6088-6096
Article type
Paper

Preparation of graphene by pressurized oxidation and multiplex reduction and its polymer nanocomposites by masterbatch-based melt blending

C. Bao, L. Song, W. Xing, B. Yuan, C. A. Wilkie, J. Huang, Y. Guo and Y. Hu, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 6088
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM16203B

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