Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 34, 2012
Previous Article Next Article

1,12-Diazaperylene and 2,11-dialkylated-1,12-diazaperylene iridium(III) complexes [Ir(C^N)2(N^N)]PF6: new supramolecular assemblies

Author affiliations


A series of new monocationic iridium(III) complexes [Ir(C^N)2(N^N)]PF6 with “large-surface” α,α′-diimin ligands N^N (dap = 1,12-diazaperylene, dmedap = 2,11-dimethyl-1,12-diazaperylene, dipdap = 2,11-diisopropyl-1,12-diazaperylene) and different cyclometalating ligands C^N (piq = 1-phenylisoquinoline, bzq = benzo[h]quinoline, ppz = 1-phenylpyrazole, thpy = 2-(2-thienyl)pyridine, ppy = 2-phenylpyridine, meppy = 2-(4-methylphenyl)pyridine, dfppy = 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)pyridine) were synthesized. The solid structures of the complexes [Ir(piq)2(dap)]PF6, [Ir(bzq)2(dap)]PF6, [Ir(ppy)2(dipdap)]PF6, [Ir(piq)2(dmedap)]PF6, [Ir(ppy)2(dap)]PF6 and [Ir(ppz)2(dap)]PF6 are reported. In [Ir(piq)2(dap)]PF6, the dap ligand and one of the piq ligands of each cationic complex are involved in π–π stacking interactions forming supramolecular channels running along the crystallographic c axis. In the crystalline [Ir(bzq)2(dap)]PF6 π–π stacking interactions between the metal complexes lead to the formation of a 2D layer structure. In addition, CH–π interactions were found in all compounds, which are what stabilizes the solid structure. In particular, a significant number of them were found in [Ir(piq)2(dap)]PF6 and [Ir(bzq)2(dap)]PF6. The crystal structures of [Ir(ppy)2(dipdap)]PF6 and [Ir(ppy)2(dmedap)]PF6 are also presented, being the first examples of bis-cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes with phenanthroline-type α,α′-diimin ligands bearing bulky alkyl groups in the neighbourhood of the N-donor atoms. These ligands implicate a distorted octahedral coordination geometry that in turn destabilized the Ir–NN^N bonds. The new iridium(III) complexes are not luminescent. All compounds show an electrochemically irreversible anodic peak between 1.15 and 1.58 V, which is influenced by the different cyclometalated ligands. All of the new complexes show two reversible successive one-electron “large-surface” ligand-centred reductions around −0.70 V and −1.30 V. Electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and collision induced decomposition (CID) measurements were used to investigate the stability of the new complexes. Thereby, the stability agreed well with the order of the Ir–NN^N bond lengths.

Graphical abstract: 1,12-Diazaperylene and 2,11-dialkylated-1,12-diazaperylene iridium(iii) complexes [Ir(C^N)2(N^N)]PF6: new supramolecular assemblies

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 21 Feb 2012, accepted on 30 May 2012 and first published on 31 May 2012

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2DT30412K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 10219-10227
  •   Request permissions

    1,12-Diazaperylene and 2,11-dialkylated-1,12-diazaperylene iridium(III) complexes [Ir(C^N)2(N^N)]PF6: new supramolecular assemblies

    S. Kammer, I. Starke, A. Pietrucha, A. Kelling, W. Mickler, U. Schilde, C. Dosche, E. Kleinpeter and H. Holdt, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 10219
    DOI: 10.1039/C2DT30412K

Search articles by author