Crystal growth of nanoporous metal organic frameworks
Nanoporous metal organic frameworks (MOFs) form one of the newest families of crystalline nanoporous material that is receiving worldwide attention. Successful use of MOFs for application requires not only development of new materials but also a need to control their crystal properties such as size, morphology, and defect concentration. An understanding of the crystal growth processes is necessary in order to aid development of routes to control such properties of the crystallites. In this Perspective article we aim to provide a short overview of the current work and understanding concerning the nucleation and growth processes of nanoporous MOFs and how this work may be expanded upon to further our comprehension of this subject. We also focus heavily on in situ studies that provide real time information on the developing materials and generally provide the most conclusive findings on the processes under investigation.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Coordination chemistry in the solid state