Global minimum structure search in LixCoO2 composition using a hybrid evolutionary algorithm
The global minimum structures for LixCoO2 compositions where 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 were probed by using a hybrid evolutionary algorithm with an underlying ab initio structural relaxation scheme. The method successfully predicted experimentally observed variants of layered configurations at various degrees of lithiation and the spinel (Fdm) phase at x = 1/2. New low-energy non-layered host structures at x < 1/2 were also revealed. These structures can be formed from the usual layered configuration through coherent stacking faults along the c-axis and the migration of Co ions into the Li-poor intercalation layer.