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Issue 17, 2012
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A concerted migration mechanism of mixed oxide ion and electron conduction in reduced ceria studied by first-principles density functional theory

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Abstract

Ceria based oxides are regarded as key oxide materials for energy and environmental applications, such as solid oxide fuel cells, oxygen permeation membranes, fuel cell electrodes, oxygen storage, or heterogeneous catalysis. This great versatility in applications is rendered possible by the fact that rare earth-doped ceria is a pure oxygen ion conductor while undoped ceria, CeO2−δ, is a mixed oxygen ion–electron conductor. To get deeper insight into the mixed conduction mechanism of oxygen ions and electrons from atomistic and electronic level viewpoints we have applied first-principles density functional theory (DFT + U method). The calculation results show that oxygen vacancies strongly attract localized electrons, forming associates between them. The migration energy of an oxygen vacancy in such an associate is substantially lowered compared to the unassociated case due to the simultaneous positional rearrangement of localized electrons during the ionic jump process. Accordingly, we propose a concerted migration mechanism of oxygen vacancies and localized electrons in reduced ceria; this mechanism results in an increased diffusivity of oxygen vacancies supported by localized electrons compared with that in pure oxide ion conductors.

Graphical abstract: A concerted migration mechanism of mixed oxide ion and electron conduction in reduced ceria studied by first-principles density functional theory

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Article information


Submitted
04 Jan 2012
Accepted
29 Feb 2012
First published
01 Mar 2012

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 6079-6084
Article type
Paper

A concerted migration mechanism of mixed oxide ion and electron conduction in reduced ceria studied by first-principles density functional theory

M. Nakayama, H. Ohshima, M. Nogami and M. Martin, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 6079
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP00020B

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