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Issue 11, 2012
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Fabrication of Ag/TiO2 nanoheterostructures with visible light photocatalytic function via a solvothermal approach

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Abstract

In this work, Ag/TiO2 nanoheterostructures with Ag nanocrystals well-grown on TiO2-based nanofiber mats have been achieved by means of a novel and straighforward protocol combining an electrospinning technique and a solvothermal process. The experimental results indicated that the morphology and size of the secondary Ag nanostructures could be tailored by altering the experimental parameters, such as the reaction time and solvent as well as the reducing agent in the solvothermal treatment. The investigation of photocatalytic ability showed that the Ag/TiO2 nanoheterostructures possess an excellent photocatalytic activity superior to the pure TiO2 nanofiber for the degradation of Rhodamine B (RB) dye driven by visible light. The results indicated that Ag might be responsible for the visible light induced photocatalytic degradation by improving the photogenerated electrons and holes separation as well as charge migration, allowing both the electrons and holes to partake in the overall photocatalytic reaction. In addition, Ag has a good light absorption capability, extending the response of TiO2 to visible light. Finally, the corresponding possible mechanism related to the photocatalytic performance of the Ag/TiO2 nanoheterostructures was discussed in detail. Additionally, the separation and recovery process of the Ag/TiO2 nanoheterostructures might be easily acheived by sedimentation without a decrease in the photocatalytic ability because of their particular one-dimensional nanostructured nature.

Graphical abstract: Fabrication of Ag/TiO2 nanoheterostructures with visible light photocatalytic function via a solvothermal approach

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Article information


Submitted
05 Feb 2012
Accepted
20 Mar 2012
First published
20 Mar 2012

CrystEngComm, 2012,14, 3989-3999
Article type
Paper

Fabrication of Ag/TiO2 nanoheterostructures with visible light photocatalytic function via a solvothermal approach

C. Su, L. Liu, M. Zhang, Y. Zhang and C. Shao, CrystEngComm, 2012, 14, 3989
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE25161B

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