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Issue 5, 2012
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Step kinetics on monosodium urate monohydrate single crystal surfaces: an in situAFM study

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Abstract

The deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in synovial fluid is a classic clinical symptom of the joint disease gout. In previous work (CrystEngComm, 2011, 13, 1111–1117), it was reported that crystal growth occurs by an island deposition mechanism in 2–10 mM urate solutions under simulated physiologic conditions (150 mM NaCl, 37 °C, pH = 7.4). The present work examines in greater detail the molecular-level growth occurring in the areas between deposited islands on two types of single crystal surfaces – (100) and (1–10) using in situ atomic force microscopy. The surface topography on both types of faces consisted of elementary (unit cell) steps and macrosteps (>45 nm) which showed significant quantifiable differences in their in-plane growth kinetics. All growing steps exhibited orientations corresponding to high Miller Index directions and showed a non-linear increase in lateral velocity over the supersaturation range σ = 2.5–3.4. Topographical imaging was additionally used to establish the preferred relative orientation of domains in these frequently twinned crystals.

Graphical abstract: Step kinetics on monosodium urate monohydrate single crystal surfaces: an in situ AFM study

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Article information


Submitted
01 Aug 2011
Accepted
17 Nov 2011
First published
22 Dec 2011

CrystEngComm, 2012,14, 1709-1715
Article type
Paper

Step kinetics on monosodium urate monohydrate single crystal surfaces: an in situ AFM study

C. M. Perrin and J. A. Swift, CrystEngComm, 2012, 14, 1709
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE05985A

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