Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 3, 2012
Previous Article Next Article

The use of CIM-DEAE monolithic chromatography coupled to ICP-MS to study the distribution of cisplatin in human serum

Author affiliations

Abstract

Among platinum (Pt) containing chemotherapeutics, cisplatin (CDDP) is the most widely used. Its distribution in spiked human serum and serum of cancer patients was studied by liquid chromatography with UV and ICP-MS detection. Rapid Pt fractionation was performed by SEC on a HiTrap desalting column. The CIM DEAE-1 fast monolithic column was used in speciation analysis of CDDP for the first time. Complementary to monolithic chromatography, Pt speciation was also performed by FPLC on a strong anion-exchange Mono Q particle packed column. To study CDDP interactions with proteins, synthetic solutions of single standard proteins (albumin (HSA), transferrin (Tf) and γ-globulins (IgG)) or their mixtures, and human serum samples were spiked with CDDP and incubated at 37 °C for 24 h. Results of fractionation showed that more than 80% of Pt in serum was eluted with proteins and the remaining portion as low molecular mass species. Serum proteins were efficiently separated by anion-exchange chromatography on FPLC Mono Q or CIM DEAE-1 columns. Both complementary speciation procedures gave statistically comparable results. In spiked serum samples about 83 to 87% of Pt was eluted with HSA, 3 to 4.5% with Tf and the remaining 8.5 to 14%, which represents unbound CDDP, with a solvent front. The developed CIM-DEAE-1 fast monolithic chromatography procedure was applied to Pt speciation in serum of cancer patients receiving CDDP-based chemotherapy. In these samples Pt was found to be bound as follows: 87 to 93% to HSA, 2.6 to 6.4% to Tf, and 4.2 to 6.6% as unbound CDDP species.

Graphical abstract: The use of CIM-DEAE monolithic chromatography coupled to ICP-MS to study the distribution of cisplatin in human serum

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 03 Oct 2011, accepted on 08 Jan 2012 and first published on 10 Feb 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2AY05603H
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2012,4, 780-790
  •   Request permissions

    The use of CIM-DEAE monolithic chromatography coupled to ICP-MS to study the distribution of cisplatin in human serum

    A. Martincic, R. Milacic, M. Cemazar, G. Sersa and J. Scancar, Anal. Methods, 2012, 4, 780
    DOI: 10.1039/C2AY05603H

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements