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Issue 25, 2012
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Iron-containing nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, and environmental applications

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Abstract

Available data on the iron-containing nanomaterials are reviewed. Main attention is paid to the following themes: synthetic methods, structures, composition and properties of the nano zerovalent iron (NZVI), and polymorphic forms of iron oxides and FeOOH. Synthetic methods summarized here include a series of physico-chemical methods such as microwave heating, electrodeposition, laser ablation, radiolytical techniques, arc discharge, metal-membrane incorporation, pyrolysis, combustion, reverse micelle and co-deposition routes. We have also included a few “greener” methods. Coated, doped, supported with polymers or inert inorganic materials, core–shell nanostructures, in particular those of iron and its oxides with gold, are discussed. Studies of remediation involving iron-containing nanomaterials are discussed and special attention is paid to the processes of remediation of organic contaminants (chlorine-containing pollutants, benzoic and formic acids, dyes) and inorganic cations (Zn(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II)) and anions (nitrates, bromates, arsenates). Water disinfection (against viruses and bacteria), toxicity and risks of iron nanomaterials application are also examined.

Graphical abstract: Iron-containing nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, and environmental applications

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Article information


Submitted
30 Apr 2012
Accepted
23 Jul 2012
First published
25 Jul 2012

RSC Adv., 2012,2, 9325-9358
Article type
Review Article

Iron-containing nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, and environmental applications

B. I. Kharisov, H. V. Rasika Dias, O. V. Kharissova, V. Manuel Jiménez-Pérez, B. Olvera Pérez and B. Muñoz Flores, RSC Adv., 2012, 2, 9325 DOI: 10.1039/C2RA20812A

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