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Issue 4, 2012
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Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) for sustainable energy production and product recovery from organic wastes and industrial wastewaters

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Abstract

Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) are unique systems capable of converting the chemical energy of organic waste including low-strength wastewaters and lignocellulosic biomass into electricity or hydrogen/chemical products in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) or microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) respectively, or other products formed at the cathode by an electrochemical reduction process. As compared to conventional fuel cells, BESs operate under relatively mild conditions, use a wide variety of organic substrates and mostly do not use expensive precious metals as catalysts. The recently discovered use of BES for product synthesis via microbial electrosynthesis have greatly expanded the horizon for these systems. Newer concepts in application as well as development of alternative materials for electrodes, separators, and catalysts, along with innovative designs have made BESs very promising technologies. This article discusses the recent developments that have been made in BESs so far, with an emphasis on their various applications beyond electricity generation, resulting performances and current limitations.

Graphical abstract: Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) for sustainable energy production and product recovery from organic wastes and industrial wastewaters

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Apr 2011, accepted on 10 Nov 2011 and first published on 23 Dec 2011


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C1RA00839K
RSC Adv., 2012,2, 1248-1263

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    Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) for sustainable energy production and product recovery from organic wastes and industrial wastewaters

    D. Pant, A. Singh, G. Van Bogaert, S. Irving Olsen, P. Singh Nigam, L. Diels and K. Vanbroekhoven, RSC Adv., 2012, 2, 1248
    DOI: 10.1039/C1RA00839K

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