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Issue 11, 2012
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Preparation, properties and applications of polysaccharide nanocrystals in advanced functional nanomaterials: a review

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Abstract

Intensive exploration and research in the past few decades on polysaccharide nanocrystals, the highly crystalline nanoscale materials derived from natural resources, mainly focused originally on their use as a reinforcing nanophase in nanocomposites. However, these investigations have led to the emergence of more diverse potential applications exploiting the functionality of these nanomaterials. Based on the construction strategies of functional nanomaterials, this article critically and comprehensively reviews the emerging polysaccharide nanocrystal-based functional nanomaterials with special applications, such as biomedical materials, biomimetic optical nanomaterials, bio-inspired mechanically adaptive nanomaterials, permselective nanostructured membranes, template for synthesizing inorganic nanoparticles, polymer electrolytes, emulsion nano-stabilizer and decontamination of organic pollutants. We focus on the preparation, unique properties and performances of the different polysaccharide nanocrystal materials. At the same time, the advantages, physicochemical properties and chemical modifications of polysaccharide nanocrystals are also comparatively discussed in view of materials development. Finally, the perspective and current challenges of polysaccharide nanocrystals in future functional nanomaterials are outlined.

Graphical abstract: Preparation, properties and applications of polysaccharide nanocrystals in advanced functional nanomaterials: a review

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Feb 2012, accepted on 20 Mar 2012 and first published on 27 Mar 2012


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C2NR30260H
Nanoscale, 2012,4, 3274-3294

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    Preparation, properties and applications of polysaccharide nanocrystals in advanced functional nanomaterials: a review

    N. Lin, J. Huang and A. Dufresne, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 3274
    DOI: 10.1039/C2NR30260H

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