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Issue 1, 2012
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Synthesis of hollow BaSO4 nanospheres templated by core–shell–corona type polymeric micelles

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Abstract

Hollow barium sulfate (BaSO4) nanospheres were synthesized by templating a polymeric micelle of a triblock copolymer poly(styrene-b-acrylic acid-b-ethylene glycol) (PS-b-PAA-b-PEG). This polymer is known to form a micelle with a PS core, a PAA shell and a PEG corona in aqueous solutions. Barium chloride and sodium sulfate were used as precursors of BaSO4. In the synthesis, the PS core acts as a template for cavities of the hollow particles, the PAA shell is beneficial for arresting Ba2+ ions to produce BaSO4, and the PEG corona stabilizes the BaSO4/polymer nanocomposite to prevent secondary aggregate formation. Hollow BaSO4 nanospheres were obtained by removing the polymeric template from the BaSO4/polymer nanocomposite by calcination. The hollow BaSO4 nanospheres thus fabricated were characterized by various techniques including transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The average diameter of the spheres is around 25 nm and the average cavity diameter is around 16 nm. The significance of the present method is that it can avoid formation of large crystals which is generally unavoidable in other methods.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of hollow BaSO4 nanospheres templated by core–shell–corona type polymeric micelles

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Article information


Submitted
03 Aug 2011
Accepted
31 Oct 2011
First published
14 Nov 2011

New J. Chem., 2012,36, 125-129
Article type
Paper

Synthesis of hollow BaSO4 nanospheres templated by core–shell–corona type polymeric micelles

B. P. Bastakoti, S. Guragain, Y. Yokoyama, S. Yusa and K. Nakashima, New J. Chem., 2012, 36, 125
DOI: 10.1039/C1NJ20671K

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