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Issue 9, 2012
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Prochelator BHAPI protects cells against paraquat-induced damage by ROS-triggered iron chelation

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Abstract

A prochelator named BHAPI (N′-(1-(2-(4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)benzyloxy)phenyl)ethylidene)isonicotinohydrazide) based on the structure of experimental metal chelator HAPI (N′-[1-(2-hydroxyphenyl)ethyliden]isonicotinoylhydrazide) has been synthesized. The prochelator, which shows limited affinity for metal ions, is converted efficiently upon reaction with hydrogen peroxide into its chelator form, which binds di- and trivalent metal ions, including Zn2+, Cu2+ and Fe3+. This work shows that the prochelator has a protective effect on cells under oxidative stress induced by either hydrogen peroxide or the cytotoxic herbicide paraquat. The effect of BHAPI and HAPI on cellular iron status was assessed by monitoring the mRNA level of the transferrin receptor. Whereas the chelator HAPI induces iron deficiency in cultured retinal pigment epithelial cells, the prochelator does not, providing evidence that the differential metal-binding capacity of these compounds observed in vitro is replicated in the cellular context.

Graphical abstract: Prochelator BHAPI protects cells against paraquat-induced damage by ROS-triggered iron chelation

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Article information


Submitted
17 Apr 2012
Accepted
21 May 2012
First published
14 Jun 2012

Metallomics, 2012,4, 899-909
Article type
Paper

Prochelator BHAPI protects cells against paraquat-induced damage by ROS-triggered iron chelation

F. Kielar, M. E. Helsel, Q. Wang and K. J. Franz, Metallomics, 2012, 4, 899
DOI: 10.1039/C2MT20069D

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