Polymerization-based signal amplification under ambient conditions with thirty-five second reaction times†
Although polymerization-based amplification (PBA) has demonstrated promise as an inexpensive technique for use in molecular diagnostics, oxygen inhibition of radical photopolymerization has hindered its implementation in point-of-care devices. The addition of 0.3–0.7 μM eosin to an aqueous acrylate monomer solution containing a tertiary amine allows an interfacial polymerization reaction to proceed in air only near regions of a test surface where additional eosin initiators coupled to proteins have been localized as a function of molecular recognition events. The dose of light required for the reaction is inversely related to eosin concentration. This system achieves sensitivities comparable to those reported for inert gas-purged systems and requires significantly shorter reaction times. We provide several comparisons of this system with other implementations of polymerization-based amplification.