Cobalt-free small La3+-doped BaFeO3−δ is synthesized and systematically characterized towards application as an oxygen reduction electrode material for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) with oxygen-ion conducting electrolyte. The formation of an oxygen vacancy-disordered perovskite oxide with cubic lattice symmetry is demonstrated by XRD, after the doping of only 5 mol% La3+ into BaFeO3−δ parent oxide with the formation of Ba0.95La0.05FeO3−δ (BLF). The structural, thermal, electrical and electrochemical properties of BLF have been evaluated. High structural stability, high thermal expansion coefficient, high oxygen vacancy concentration, and relatively low electrical conductivity, are demonstrated. BLF shows a superior electrocatalytic activity, which is comparable to those state-of-the-art cobalt-based mixed conducting cathodes, in addition, it demonstrates a favorable long-term operational stability. It thus promises as a new cathode candidate for IT-SOFCs with oxygen-ion conducting electrolyte.
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