Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.

Issue 15, 2012
Previous Article Next Article

Influence of strontium substitution on structure and crystallisation of Bioglass® 45S5

Author affiliations


The changes in the structure of 45S5 Bioglass® and its heat-treated versions upon SrO substitution were investigated by solid-state multinuclear magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR), X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry. A series of the melt-derived glasses with SrO gradually substituted for calcium (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) on a molar basis was synthesised. The glass transition temperature, Tg, and crystallisation temperature decreased upon SrO substitution. Glasses with 75 and 100% of SrO substitution showed a minor crystalline phase. 31P MAS-NMR showed that phosphorus is present as orthophosphate in the entire glass series; 29Si MAS-NMR data showed a predominantly Q2 silicate network. A small step change in the position of the 31P and 29Si MAS-NMR signals found between the glasses with 25 and 50% of SrO substitution is attributed due to an increase in the ring-type fraction of the Q2 silicate glass over the mainly chain topology in the original 45S5 glass. On heat treatment combeite (Na2Ca2Si3O9) and combeite-type (Na2CaSi2O6) silicate phases were identified. For glasses with increasing SrO contents the equivalent Sr2+ substituted phases were formed (viz. Na2Sr2Si3O9 and Na2SrSi2O6) above 600 °C. The polymerisation degree of phosphorus increased and in addition to orthophosphate amorphous pyro- and meta-phosphate species were observed on heat treatment between 600 and 650 °C, the amount of which reduced with SrO substitution. Above 800 °C, changes in 31P MAS-NMR spectra suggested that several phosphate containing phases crystallised and the fraction of the remaining glass was below the detection limit. In contrast to the SrO containing glasses, in the original 45S5 composition a significant fraction of phosphorus remained amorphous even after heat treatment at temperatures above 800 °C.

Graphical abstract: Influence of strontium substitution on structure and crystallisation of Bioglass® 45S5

Back to tab navigation

Article information

20 Sep 2011
03 Feb 2012
First published
08 Mar 2012

J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 7395-7402
Article type

Influence of strontium substitution on structure and crystallisation of Bioglass® 45S5

K. Fujikura, N. Karpukhina, T. Kasuga, D. S. Brauer, R. G. Hill and R. V. Law, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 7395
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM14674F

Search articles by author