Stimulus-responsive surface wettability, especially photoresponsive surface wettability, has been intensively studied. Meanwhile, multifunctional surfaces, especially for the treatment of oil contaminated water, have aroused worldwide attention. Recently, pH-responsive surfaces with controllable oil–water separation have also been reported. However, photoresponsive water–oil separation is still a challenge. Here we report photo-induced water–oil separation based on the switchable superhydrophobicity–superhydrophilicity and underwater superoleophobicity of aligned ZnO nanorod array-coated mesh films, which shows excellent controllability and high separation efficiency of different types of water–oil mixtures in an oil–water–solid three-phase system. The underwater superoleophobicity of the aligned ZnO nanorod array-coated stainless steel mesh film can effectively prevent the mesh film from being polluted by oils. This work is promising in photo-induced water–oil mixture treatments such as water-removal from a micro-reaction system and controllable filtration, and may also provide interesting insight into the design of novel functional devices based on controllable surface wettability.
You have access to this article
Please wait while we load your content...
Something went wrong. Try again?