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Issue 13, 2012
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Low temperature plasma-mediated synthesis of graphenenanosheets for supercapacitor electrodes

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Abstract

Controllable production of graphene by simultaneously exfoliating and reducing graphite oxide (GO) under dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma with various working gases, including H2 (reducing), Ar (inert) and CO2 (oxidizing), has been investigated. The deoxygenation level of GO is related to the type of working gases while regardless of the bulk temperature during plasma discharge, which implicates a high-energy electron/ion bombardment deoxygenation mechanism. Acting as electrode materials in a supercapacitor cell with KOH electrolyte, graphene nanosheets (GS) from various plasmas exhibit high specific capacitance and good electrochemical stability. With the assistance of low temperature plasma, this approach has the potential to enable the fabrication of a broad spectrum of graphene-based composites that are sensitive to high temperatures.

Graphical abstract: Low temperature plasma-mediated synthesis of graphene nanosheets for supercapacitor electrodes

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Article information


Submitted
31 Oct 2011
Accepted
17 Jan 2012
First published
16 Feb 2012

J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 6061-6066
Article type
Paper

Low temperature plasma-mediated synthesis of graphene nanosheets for supercapacitor electrodes

Q. Zhou, Z. Zhao, Y. Chen, H. Hu and J. Qiu, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 6061
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM15572A

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