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Issue 7, 2012
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Efficient removal of gold complexes from water by precipitation or liquid–liquid extraction using ionic liquids

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Abstract

Extraction of tetrachloroaurate or tetrabromoaurate anions has been carried out at acidic pHs (1 and 4) with several ionic liquids bearing halide or bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide NTf2 anions and cations 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium, 1-octylpyridinium or 1-methyl-1-octylpyrrolidinium. The removal of gold anionic moieties from water was first studied by mixing aqueous solutions containing gold complexes and water soluble halide (chloride or bromide) ionic liquids. This lead to the formation of either a solid precipitate or a liquid phase corresponding to a hydrophobic ionic liquid based on a tetrahalogenoaurate anion. Values below 10−6 for the solubility products of gold-bearing ionic liquids were obtained. Liquid–liquid extraction of anionic gold complexes with hydrophobic ionic liquids was also carried out. Gold was successfully extracted from water whatever the pH and the ionic liquid used. Distribution coefficients ranged from 3 × 102 to 3 × 104. Investigation on the extraction mechanism revealed an anion exchange between one anionic gold complex and one NTf2 anion.

Graphical abstract: Efficient removal of gold complexes from water by precipitation or liquid–liquid extraction using ionic liquids

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Feb 2012, accepted on 04 May 2012 and first published on 04 May 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2GC35222B
Green Chem., 2012,14, 2050-2056

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    Efficient removal of gold complexes from water by precipitation or liquid–liquid extraction using ionic liquids

    N. Papaiconomou, G. Vite, N. Goujon, J. Lévêque and I. Billard, Green Chem., 2012, 14, 2050
    DOI: 10.1039/C2GC35222B

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