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Issue 12, 2012
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Extremely stable cycling of ultra-thin V2O5nanowire–graphene electrodes for lithium rechargeable battery cathodes

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Abstract

Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) has received considerable attention as a lithium battery cathode because its specific capacity (>250 mA h g−1) is higher than those (<170 mA h g−1) of most commercial cathode materials. Despite this conspicuous advantage, V2O5 has suffered from limited cycle life, typically below a couple of hundred cycles due to the agglomeration of its particles. Once V2O5 particles are agglomerated, the insulating phases continuously expand to an extent that ionic and electronic conduction is severely deteriorated, leading to the significant capacity decay. In this study, in order to overcome the agglomeration issue, the electrodes were uniquely designed such that ultrathin V2O5 nanowires were uniformly incorporated into graphene paper. In this composite structure, the dispersion of V2O5 nanowires was preserved in a robust manner, and, as a result, enabled substantially improved cycle life: decent specific capacities were preserved over 100 000 cycles, which are 2–3 orders of magnitude larger than those of typical battery materials.

Graphical abstract: Extremely stable cycling of ultra-thin V2O5 nanowire–graphene electrodes for lithium rechargeable battery cathodes

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Article information


Submitted
20 Apr 2012
Accepted
04 Oct 2012
First published
04 Oct 2012

Energy Environ. Sci., 2012,5, 9889-9894
Article type
Paper

Extremely stable cycling of ultra-thin V2O5 nanowiregraphene electrodes for lithium rechargeable battery cathodes

J. W. Lee, S. Y. Lim, H. M. Jeong, T. H. Hwang, J. K. Kang and J. W. Choi, Energy Environ. Sci., 2012, 5, 9889
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE22004K

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