Molybdenum-catalyzed reduction of molecular dinitrogen under mild reaction conditions
Quite recently we have found two nitrogen fixation systems catalyzed by molybdenum–dinitrogen complexes under mild reaction conditions; one is the transformation of molecular dinitrogen into its synthetic equivalent of ammonia and the other is that into ammonia. A molybdenum–dinitrogen complex bearing two ferrocenyl diphosphines works as a good catalyst in the transformation of molecular dinitrogen into silylamine, where up to 226 equiv are produced based on the catalyst. A dinitrogen-bridged dimolybdenum complex bearing a PNP-type pincer ligand works as a good catalyst in the direct transformation of molecular dinitrogen into ammonia, where up to 23 equiv are produced based on the catalyst. We believe that both systems provide a new aspect in the development of novel nitrogen fixation.